The Republic of Haiti is situated on the western one-third of the island of Hispaniola (the Dominican Republic forms the eastern two-thirds of the island). Haiti is a former French colony. At about the size of Maryland (27750 km2), it is the third largest country in the Caribbean, with a population of approximately 9.6 million. (The World Bank, 2010) Mountains cover over three quarters of Haiti.(UNEP, 2010)
Haiti is the poorest country in the Western hemisphere and one of the poorest in the world. About 78% of the population live on less than US$2 a day. In 2010 the country’s GDP per capita was US$671, with high needs in the services sector. Inequality is more pronounced in Haiti compared to other countries in the region. (The World Bank, 2012) Haiti suffers from widespread unemployment. (United Nations, 2010). In 2011 the United Nations reported:“Before the earthquake, over 70% of the population did not have a steady job. Formal employment represented only 5.1% of available jobs, and the unemployment rate was 40.6%—affecting 1.8 million people.” (United Nation, 2011).”
Port-au-Prince is the capital city of Haiti and held a population of two million. The city is a victim of the rapid growth of the Haitian population. The growing population combined with deep poverty is the driving force behind the country’s vulnerability. (USAID, 2007) Port-au Prince is particularly known for its poignant inequality; the wealthiest Haitians live on the hillside above the city where the vast majority of the poorer citizens lives. The city’s commercial urban center represents a small fraction of the community. The vast majority of the population lives in the surrounding slums. None of these slums have basic services and sanitation remains a challenge (e.g., clean water and sanitation). The 2010 earthquake literally devastated the community due to poor housing and extreme poverty. Ten of thousands of people have died as a result of the earthquake.
The demography of the town of Cornillon (Lafute) was estimated at 54,254 habitants and the average density is approximately 223.24 inhabitants per km inhabitants according to the 2009 census. The Forest area (% of land area) in Haiti was last reported at 3.66 in 2010, according to a World Bank report published in 2012. The people of its districts live on agriculture, especially growing peas and corn. However, agriculture in the region does not meet the nutritional needs of the population. Hunger and malnutrition are common in the area. Cornillon (Lafute) is isolated from the rest of the country and suffer from lacking the minimal services. No road linked the town to the closest city, people walk for hours every day to go to their activities. Because the area is very mountainous population movement is challenging, which affect all aspects of thier livelihood. The churches provide education to the poor families in the community who live in precarious conditions. The majority of the population does not reach first grade. Regarding health care, the population has been very vulnerable since access to a hospital is six hours away. The passage of Cholera in Haiti has caused many deaths in the region due to lack of a health care professional.
Jacmel (Kréyòl: Jakmèl) is a city in southeast Haiti, on the Caribbean coast, at the mouth of the river Grande Rivière de Jacmel. It is the capital city of the Sud-Est Département. The city is in the Baie de Jacmel about 86 km south of the Haitian capital Port-au-Prince. It is also the chief town of an arrondissement (a part of a department) with the same name. The arrondissement has four municipalities: Jacmel, Cayes-Jacmel, La Vallée and Marigot. " (Wikipedia, 2010)